The Australian Flag was officially adopted on September 3, 1901. The Australian flag design features a noticeable symbol, the Union Jack, in the top left quadrant of the flag. The Union Jack on the Australian flag represents Australia’s history as a British colony. Underneath the Union Jack is the Commonwealth Star, which is a seven point star that symbolizes the six original states and any future states of Australia. The right half of the Australian flag contains the Southern Cross Constellation, which is a southern star constellation. Overall, the Australian flag has one of the busiest flag designs, but all of these symbols have deeply rooted meanings with the nation’s people.
Australia is the sixth largest country in the world in terms of total land area. It is located in the Southern Pacific Ocean near New Zealand. Its close proximity to New Zealand is interesting, considering the two national flags are also among the most similar national flags in the world. This national flag similarity has prompted New Zealand to discuss changing its national flag design.
As a nation, Australia is one of the most developed countries in the world. It consistently ranks high in areas like quality of life, education, health and per capita income. A large percentage of the country’s population is urbanized in cities located along the east coast. Australia’s two largest cities, Sydney and Melbourne, are famous travel destinations.
Landmarks & Historical Places
The Sydney Opera House is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world. The building is not famous for what it is used for, it is best known for its unique architecture. For most people, the building is instantly associated with Sydney, Australia.
The Great Barrier Reef is visible from space and is one of the largest living structures in the world. The Great Barrier Reef contains more than 3,000 coral reefs, 600 continental islands and 1,600 tropical species – making it one of the natural wonders of the Earth.
Similar to the Great Barrier Reef, the Uluru is one of the natural wonders of the Earth. The Uluru is a red monolith, which means it is a single upright block of stone. This giant rock is an unmistakable figure located in the center of the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park.